After the Moon, now India’s eyes are on the Sun as well. Let us tell you that ISRO is going to launch its first sun mission on 2 September i.e. tomorrow on Saturday.
The Indian Space Agency has named this mission ‘Aditya L1’. The countdown has already started regarding this solar mission.
Scientists will collect information about the Sun through Aditya L1. For the mission, the rocket will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sri Harikota, which will cover a distance of about 1.5 million kilometers.
Let us tell you that even in the year 2001, NASA had sent this mission.
During that time this mission was successful, but while returning it had a crash landing.
Aditya L-1 will leave on its mission tomorrow. It will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota at 11.50 am. Which will reach the L1 point between the earth and the sun and explore those mysteries about which the world is still unknown.
After the launch of Aditya L-1, it is expected to take about four months to reach its destination.
After the success of Chandrayaan-3, Indian Space Research Organization i.e ISRO is launching Aditya L-1 to explore the secrets of Sun. Its countdown has been started. This is ISRO’s first solar mission. Aditya L-1 will travel a distance of 1.5 million kilometers from the earth and go to the L1 point located between the earth and the sun and from there will keep an eye on the sun for 24 hours.
It is not what people are thinking about Aditya L-1, this space craft of ISRO will remain stable at one place in space. It will go from Earth to L1 point.
This is the place where the gravity of the Earth and the Sun is in balance. This place is also called Langres point or halo orbit. If seen from the point of view of science, the thing that is brought to the place where there is gravitational balance between two bodies becomes stable.
In such a situation, along with less fuel consumption, Aditya L-1 will remain stable at Langres Point and will send all the information to ISRO from there. There are five such points between the Earth and the Sun. L1 is the first which is approximately 15 lakh kilometers away from the earth.
After launching from Sri Harikota, Aditya L-1 will be brought to the low orbit of the earth. Here after orbiting the earth, it will change its orbit and after completing this journey, it will be injected into L1 outside the earth’s gravity. From here it will stabilize after reaching L1’s halo orbit. According to ISRO Chief S Somnath, this process will take about 125 days. Meanwhile, ISRO scientists will keep an eye on it continuously.
The Sun is considered to be the most mysterious star in the Solar System, Shanti Priya, Chief of the Astronomy Department of Osmia University, told the news agency that the Sun is such a star on which all the planets depend. Till now many countries are launching solar missions, but India is going to do this for the first time, which will prove to be a turning point, because we are going to do something which we have not done before.
Challenges are no less
Aditya L-1 is k first solar mission, which has many challenges in its path. Former NASA scientist Dr. Mila Mitra told the news agency that Aditya L-1 will go to Langres Point. This point is stable, from where it will continuously keep an eye on the Sun, its biggest challenge is to reach there, because the temperature and radiation there is very high. In such a situation, the first challenge is to protect from the heat of the sun. With the success of this mission, India will also show that it is not behind anyone in terms of technology.
According to former NASA scientist Dr. Mila Mitra, Aditya L-1 will find out about all the layers of the sun, solar weather, coronal mass injection, photosphere, chromosphere etc. Its special purpose is regarding solar stones and solar weather, because we have many satellites and broadcasting systems in the sky, in such a situation it is important to understand the weather of the sun, because with this we can save our satellite and broadcasting systems.
India launches its big missions only with PSLV and GSLV rockets. The biggest reason for this is their success rate. Most of the missions launched from both the rockets have been successful. If compared to NASA, these space missions of India have been planned in low budget, according to Dr. Mila Mitra, India reaches the mission with the help of Earth’s orbit, this reduces the cost and also consumes less fuel. PSLV does the job of taking the spacecraft to the earth very well.