National Affairs

‘One Nation-One Election’ Bill In Special Session Of Parliament?

The Central Government has called a special session of the Parliament. This session will run from 18 to 22 September. It is being told that there will be five meetings in this session. 

According to sources, in this special session of Parliament, Modi government can bring a bill on ‘One Nation-One Election’. 

One nation one election simply means that all the elections to be held in the country should be held simultaneously. 

The debate regarding ‘One Nation-One Election’ has been going on in the country for a long time.

 In January this year, the Law Commission had sought answers to six questions from political parties regarding this. While the government wants to implement it, many political parties are against it. UCC and women’s reservation bills can also be introduced during the special session of Parliament.

Prime Minister Modi had said during the discussion in the Rajya Sabha, to say straight that we are not in favor of it. You discuss on this brother, you will have your views. Why do we postpone things? I agree that all the big leaders have said that man should be free from this disease. Elections should be held once in five years, the festival of elections should go on for a month or two. After that get back to work. Everyone has told this thing. There must be a problem in taking a stand in public.   

He said that isn’t it the need of the hour that there should be at least one voter list in our country. Today, it is the misfortune of the country that as many times as polling takes place, so many voter lists come. 

22nd Law Commission issued a public notice seeking opinion from political parties, Election Commission and all the organizations associated with the election process.

The Law Commission had asked whether holding simultaneous elections in any way tampers with democracy, the basic structure of the Constitution or the federal structure of the country? 

The Commission had also asked that in the event of a hung assembly or a hung mandate in a general election when no political party has the majority to form the government, the Prime Minister or Chief Minister can be appointed by the Speaker of the elected Parliament or Assembly. Is? 

Actually, there is a provision in Article 85 of the Constitution to convene the session of Parliament.

 Under this, the government has the right to call a session of Parliament. The Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs takes decisions which are formalized by the President, through which MPs are called into a session. 

After independence, in 1952, 1957, 1962 and 1967, Lok Sabha and Assembly elections were held.

After this, in 1968 and 1969 many assemblies were prematurely dissolved. After that, Lok Sabha was also dissolved in 1970. Due to this the tradition of simultaneous elections was broken.
– In August 2018, the Law Commission’s report on one nation-one election came. 

It was suggested in this report that elections can be held in two phases in the country. 
In the first phase, along with the Lok Sabha, assembly elections of some states. 

And in the second phase, assembly elections of the remaining states. But for this, the tenure of some assemblies will have to be extended, while others will have to be dissolved ahead of time. And all this is not possible without constitutional amendment.

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